The Marie-Victorin Herbarium is a large collection of vascular plants and bryophytes. Thanks to its 634,640 specimens, the Herbarium is known internationally and ranks fourth largest among Canadian herbaria. It is used for research and education.
The Herbarium is open from Monday to Friday, from 9am to 5pm. People interested in visiting the Herbarium or using the collections must make an appointment with one of the Herbarium’s curators. Group visits are limited and are available through reservation. School groups visits must have a clear pedagogic purpose.
There is a guided tour of the Marie-Victorin Herbarium and the Biodiversity Centre, Wednesdays at 1:30 PM. From November 1 to May 14, departures are from within the first exhibition greenhouse (Molson Hospitality Greenhouse), adjacent to the reception rentre (no tours during the Christmas break). From May 15 to October 31, departures are from the Amis du Jardin botanique stand outside, located across from the ticket counter and only a few steps from the general information welcome booth.
If you are interested in learning how to prepare your own herbarium, you can download the following files (content in French):
Interactive key for interesting families
Andrée de Lamirande
Loans and services
For research purposes, specimens may be loaned to recognized educational or scientific establishments. Loans to particulars are possible only through an agreement with a recognized institution. Loan requests must be made to the curator. Loan policies at the Marie-Victorin Herbarium follow the recommendations detailed in Brittonia 25: 307-310.
The identification of plants and the search for information concerning the collections may be done by the Herbarium staff.
- Educational and scientific institutions: free
- Private firms, agencies: hourly rate (subject to change)
Experts in environmental issues and other related professionals may consult the collections free of charge after agreement with the curators.
The Herbarium requests that voucher specimens be donated if the curator deems them of interest. Consultants should anticipate extra treatment costs for specimens deposited at the Herbarium.
Browse the collection:
The Marie-Victorin Herbarium houses more than 650,000 specimens of vascular plants, including some 1,100 types. These specimens originate mainly from Eastern North America, particularly from Quebec and Newfoundland. The Herbarium also has international coverage, notably from North America, Europe and Cuba.
Main collections of vascular plants kept at the Marie-Victorin Herbarium:
- Newfoundland: M.L. Fernald et al., E. Rouleau, A. Bouchard et al.
- Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon: C. Le Gallo, M. Le Hors, R. Etcheberry
- Quebec: Fr. Adrien Rivard, J. Beaudry, B. Boivin, A. Bouchard, Fr. Cléonique-Joseph, P. Dansereau, A. Dutilly, M.L. Fernald et al., S. Hay, E. Lepage, Fr. L. Lévesque, Fr. Marie-Victorin, H. Mousley, M. Raymond, Fr. Adrien Rivard, Fr. Rolland-Germain, Fr. E. Roy, J. Rousseau, A. Sabourin
- Manitoba: J.-P. Bernard, D. Love
- Cuba: Fr. Marie-Victorin, Fr. Léon, Fr. Alain, Fr. Clément
- Central and South America: H. Pittier, H. Smith
- Asia, Oceania: D.E. Elmer, O. Degener
- WAT [Herbarium, University of Waterloo, Ont.] : J.K. Morton, J.C. Semple
The bryophytes collection includes about 50,000 specimens. The majority is from the Montreal area, with the remainder originating from the rest of Quebec and North America.
Main bryopytes collection at the Marie-Victorin Herbarium:
- Quebec: H. Dupret, J. Kucyniak
conservateur: Fr. Marie-Victorin
- 1920: the herbarium is established at the creation of the Botany Laboratory of the Université de Montréal, with the donation of specimens from Fr. Marie-Victorin’s personal collection.
- 1939: the Herbarium moves to the Université de Montréal Botanical Institute located at the Montreal Botanical Garden.
curator: E. Rouleau
- 1944: following the death of Fr. Marie-Victorin, his personal collection is donated to the herbarium, which then becomes the Marie-Victorin Herbarium.
- 1951: the Montreal Botanical Garden creates a separate herbarium to store the collections of M. Raymond, J. Kucyniak and a collection of cultivated plants. These 50000 specimens were integrated into the Marie-Victorin Herbarium in 1982.
- 1954: the Collège Marguerite Bourgeois acquires the 16000 specimens collection of Father H. Dupret.
curator: L.-P. Hébert
curator: Luc Brouillet
- 1982-1985: acquisition of the Université du Québec à Montréal Herbarium (appr. 10000 spécimens).
- 1988: permanent loan of the J. Dearness’ mycological collection to the mycological herbarium of Agriculture Canada (DAOM).
- 1995: donation of all lichen specimens to the New Brunswick Museum Herbarium (NBM) in St. John.
- 1995: the Marie-Victorin Herbarium is moved to the basement of the new lab wing of the administration building of the Montreal Botanical Garden, and is put in compactors.
- 1996: acquisition of the herbarium of the Montreal branch of the Service de la Faune du Québec (appr. 8000 specimens).
- 2005: acquisition of 56,000 specimens from the Rolland-Germain Herbarium (SFS) of the Université de Sherbrooke.
- 2006: professor A. Bruneau obtains a grant from FCI-Recherche Québec for the creation of Canadensys and the Biodiversity Centre of the Université de Montréal at the Montreal Botanical Garden, which will soon host the Marie-Victorin Herbarium, the Ouellet-Robert entomological collection, the collections of the Insectarium, and the Fungarium of the Cercle des Mycologues de Montréal.
- 2010: Publication of VASCAN, the database of vascular plants of Canada.
- 2011: Publication of the first data from the Herbarium via Canadensys, viewable in the Explorer
- 2011: The Herbarium moves to the Biodiversity Centre
- 2012: Stuart Hay, assistant-curator since 1978, retires. Mr. Geoffrey Hall is hired as coordinator
- 2012: Acquisition of the 65,000 specimens from the University of Waterloo Herbarium (WAT)